Urinary incontinence is the inability to control when the bladder releases urine. There are several different classifications of urinary incontinence, but the most common form is stress incontinence. Stress incontinence occurs when pressure from laughing, coughing, sneezing, exercising, or lifting causes a patient to leak urine unexpectedly. The next most common form is urge incontinence and this occurs when the ability to suppress the urge is overcome by the bladder and it empties. Common symptoms are constant urgency and going very frequently as well as getting up at night more than twice to empty.
Pregnancy and childbirth can also lead to stress incontinence because of the strain and stretch it puts on the pelvic muscles and nerves. Obesity, chronic straining with constipation or chronic coughing can put pressure on the pelvic muscles and nerves leading to damage over time. Urge incontinence, also known as Overactive Bladder (OAB), is usually idiopathic, i.e. there is no found cause, and seems to increase with increasing age. The decreased estrogen levels associated with menopause can also affect one’s ability to control her bladder and may lead to stress or urge incontinence and these frequently occur together.
The physicians at East Valley Urology Center offer a number of treatments including:
If you have any questions about our treatment options, please call our office.